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Authority record

Clearihue, Joyce Golding, 1927-

  • AR033
  • Person
  • 1927-

Joyce Golding Clearihue was born in Victoria 10 March 1927 to Joseph Badenoch Clearihue and Irene Mary Golding. In 1943 she graduated from St. Margaret's School, and the following year attended Victoria College. In 1947 she earned a Bachelor of Science from the University of British Columbia, and in 1953 earned a Doctor of Medicine from McGill University. Clearihue never married, and has been a lifelong outdoorswoman and avid hiker. In 2011 she donated 45 ha of land near Charters Creek to the Sea to Sea Regional Park Reserve.

Hughes, E. J. (Edward John), 1913-2007

  • AR058
  • Person
  • 1913-2007

Edward John (E. J.) Hughes was a Canadian painter best known for his paintings of British Columbia landscapes. Hughes was born 17 February 1913 in North Vancouver, and grew up in Nanaimo. After high school he attended the Vancouver School of Decorative and Applied Arts (now Emily Carr University) where he studied with Frederick Varley, graduating in 1933. When war broke out in 1939 Hughes enlisted with the Royal Canadian Artillery. While posted in England he was made an official war artist, and from 1943 to 1946 depicted war scenes in England and Alaska.

Following the War Hughes and his wife, Fern Rosabell Irvine (1916-1974), moved to Victoria. Due to financial struggles, the couple moved shortly thereafter to a cabin at Shawnigan Lake. Max Stern (1904-1984), Emily Carr’s former dealer and the owner of the Dominion Gallery in Montreal, discovered Hughes’s work and made a deal to buy all of his paintings. Their relationship lasted until Stern’s death, and Dominion continued to buy Hughes’s paintings until his death. Ed and Fern had three children – Edward, Elizabeth and Mac – all of whom died in infancy. Hughes died 5 January 2007 at age 93.

Hansen, Ann, 1953-

  • AR453
  • Person
  • 1953-

Ann Hansen is a Canadian anarchist, born in Ontario in 1953. Her early interest in anti-authoritarian activities led her to Europe, where she studied urban guerrilla groups as a part of the University of Waterloo’s Integrated Studies department. Upon her return to Canada, she became active with the prison-abolition movement, including the production of Bulldozer magazine.

In the early 1980s, Hansen formed the guerrilla organization, Direct Action (later also known as the Vancouver Five or the Squamish Five), in Vancouver with Julia Belmas, Gerry Hannah, Doug Stewart, and Brent Taylor. Direct Action’s major activities occurred in 1982; the bombing of the Cheekey-Dunsmuir BC Hydro substation on Vancouver Island in May, and the bombing of the Litton Industries factory in Toronto in October. Direct Action also participated in the collective Wimmin’s Fire Brigade firebombing actions against the Red Hot Video pornographic video store outlets in BC. The group were arrested in January 1983 on the highway near Squamish, BC; “Free the Five” rallies were organized in their support and to raise awareness of alleged biased media reporting concerning the trial. Direct Action members were sentenced to life in prison in June 1984; all members have completed their sentences and have been released. Hansen has since published Direct Action: Memoires of An Urban Guerrilla (Between the Lines Press, 2001), and co-authored, with Julie Belmas, This Is not A Love Story: Armed Struggle Against the Institutions of Patriarchy (2002; available for download from

Campbell, Jim, 1949-2007

  • AR459
  • Person
  • 1949-2007

Jim Campbell was an anarchist and publisher, primarily devoted to prison activism. Campbell was born on November 20, 1949 in Shelburn, Ontario, and grew up on the family farm near Orangeville. In the 1960s Campbell studied mathematics at the University of Waterloo before becoming active in various projects and issues such as food- and housing-cooperatives. In the late 1970s Campbell helped establish one of several hippie communes “Dragonfly farm” in the Bancroft, Ontario, which still operates; he left the commune in 1981. Campbell supported his activist activities through his work as a City of Toronto municipal worker.

Campbell was a significant figure through his involvement in the formation of the Bulldozer collective in Toronto in 1980 and the creation of the Bulldozer/Prison News Service (PNS) newsletter, which began publishing the same year. Bulldozer/PNS was modeled on the anarchist journal Open Road, which began in 1976 in Vancouver, and for which Campbell worked in 1977 and where he became more involved in activist oriented politics and prison issues. Regarding Bulldozer/PNS Campbell stated that “We never wrote long essays telling prisoners what they should think. Rather we tried to provide a forum in which prisoners, individually and collectively, could articulate and develop their politics.”

Through Bulldozer collective activities Campbell contributed to raising awareness regarding the treatment of indigenous peoples, the Black Panther movement, violence against women and pornography, and to the activities of the Direct Action group. To bring attention to environmental degradation and the military-industrial complex, Direct Action (also known as the “Squamish Five,” and the “Vancouver Five”) bombed a BC Hydro substation on Vancouver Island in May 1982, and a Litton Industries factory in Toronto in October 1982; Litton Industries produced components for American cruise missiles. Bulldozer collective support the distribution of Direct Action support leaflets, and as a result the office of Bulldozer was raided by police in 1983. After a hiatus in publishing, Campbell continued to assist in the publication of the prison newsletter the Marionette, which then became Prison News Service.

Campbell continued to be engaged in the changing anarchist movement in Canada until his death September 17, 2007 in Maynooth Ontario, at age 57. He worked with Dr. Allan Antliff on Only A Beginning: An Anarchist Anthology, contributing pieces “Bulldozer/PNS” and “Racism.” Campbell is survived by his partner Julie Thiers.

Federation of Military and United Services Institutes of Canada

  • SC001
  • Corporate body
  • 1973-

The Federation of Military and United Services Institutes of Canada (FMUSIC) was founded in 1973 to bring together the various United Services Institutes in Canada recognized by the Department of National Defence, and to further their goals without impinging on their autonomy when dealing with the National Defence Headquarters. Another aim of FMUSIC is to support Canada's development of effective military and non-military policies and capabilities through;study, research and through the submission of position papers to the appropriate government bodies. FMUSIC also endeavours to communicate the defence needs of Canada to the Canadian public.

Houghton, Claude, 1889-1961

  • SC002
  • Person
  • 1889-1961

"Claude Houghton" was the name used by Claude Houghton Oldfield, who was an English writer of prose, verse and drama. He was born in Kent and educated at Dulwich College.

Alexander, Ronald Okeden, 1888-1949

  • SC003
  • Person
  • 1888-1949

Ronald Okeden Alexander was a noted army leader in World War I and World War II. He was a member of the following regiments: the Victoria Rifles of Canada, 1908; Royal Canadian Regiment, 1910; 24th Battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1914-1917; 2nd Canadian Division, 1917-1919; Canadian Army, Permanent Force, 1919-1939. He was General Officer Commanding (GOC) in the Canadian Pacific Command, 1940-1942; and Major-General, 1942-1945.

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