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Authority record

Campbell, Jim, 1949-2007

  • AR459
  • Person
  • 1949-2007

Jim Campbell was an anarchist and publisher, primarily devoted to prison activism. Campbell was born on November 20, 1949 in Shelburn, Ontario, and grew up on the family farm near Orangeville. In the 1960s Campbell studied mathematics at the University of Waterloo before becoming active in various projects and issues such as food- and housing-cooperatives. In the late 1970s Campbell helped establish one of several hippie communes “Dragonfly farm” in the Bancroft, Ontario, which still operates; he left the commune in 1981. Campbell supported his activist activities through his work as a City of Toronto municipal worker.

Campbell was a significant figure through his involvement in the formation of the Bulldozer collective in Toronto in 1980 and the creation of the Bulldozer/Prison News Service (PNS) newsletter, which began publishing the same year. Bulldozer/PNS was modeled on the anarchist journal Open Road, which began in 1976 in Vancouver, and for which Campbell worked in 1977 and where he became more involved in activist oriented politics and prison issues. Regarding Bulldozer/PNS Campbell stated that “We never wrote long essays telling prisoners what they should think. Rather we tried to provide a forum in which prisoners, individually and collectively, could articulate and develop their politics.”

Through Bulldozer collective activities Campbell contributed to raising awareness regarding the treatment of indigenous peoples, the Black Panther movement, violence against women and pornography, and to the activities of the Direct Action group. To bring attention to environmental degradation and the military-industrial complex, Direct Action (also known as the “Squamish Five,” and the “Vancouver Five”) bombed a BC Hydro substation on Vancouver Island in May 1982, and a Litton Industries factory in Toronto in October 1982; Litton Industries produced components for American cruise missiles. Bulldozer collective support the distribution of Direct Action support leaflets, and as a result the office of Bulldozer was raided by police in 1983. After a hiatus in publishing, Campbell continued to assist in the publication of the prison newsletter the Marionette, which then became Prison News Service.

Campbell continued to be engaged in the changing anarchist movement in Canada until his death September 17, 2007 in Maynooth Ontario, at age 57. He worked with Dr. Allan Antliff on Only A Beginning: An Anarchist Anthology, contributing pieces “Bulldozer/PNS” and “Racism.” Campbell is survived by his partner Julie Thiers.

Murphy, William Cameron, 1905-1961

  • SC084
  • Person
  • 1905-1961

William Cameron Murphy, C.B.E., D.S.O., E.D., Q.C., LL.D (born Ashcroft, B.C., 27 April 1905) was a lawyer in Vancouver, B.C. During World War II, Brigadier Murphy commanded the 1st Canadian Armoured Brigade, 27 February 1944 to 25 June 1945, in Italy and Northern Europe.

Hansen, Ann, 1953-

  • AR453
  • Person
  • 1953-

Ann Hansen is a Canadian anarchist, born in Ontario in 1953. Her early interest in anti-authoritarian activities led her to Europe, where she studied urban guerrilla groups as a part of the University of Waterloo’s Integrated Studies department. Upon her return to Canada, she became active with the prison-abolition movement, including the production of Bulldozer magazine.

In the early 1980s, Hansen formed the guerrilla organization, Direct Action (later also known as the Vancouver Five or the Squamish Five), in Vancouver with Julia Belmas, Gerry Hannah, Doug Stewart, and Brent Taylor. Direct Action’s major activities occurred in 1982; the bombing of the Cheekey-Dunsmuir BC Hydro substation on Vancouver Island in May, and the bombing of the Litton Industries factory in Toronto in October. Direct Action also participated in the collective Wimmin’s Fire Brigade firebombing actions against the Red Hot Video pornographic video store outlets in BC. The group were arrested in January 1983 on the highway near Squamish, BC; “Free the Five” rallies were organized in their support and to raise awareness of alleged biased media reporting concerning the trial. Direct Action members were sentenced to life in prison in June 1984; all members have completed their sentences and have been released. Hansen has since published Direct Action: Memoires of An Urban Guerrilla (Between the Lines Press, 2001), and co-authored, with Julie Belmas, This Is not A Love Story: Armed Struggle Against the Institutions of Patriarchy (2002; available for download from

Canada. Canadian Army

  • SC020
  • Corporate body
  • 1855-

The Canadian Army was established in 1855 when the government passed the Militia Act, which provided for a paid, regular army consisting of active volunteer militia. Its forerunner was the militia dating back to 1651. The Canadian Army ceased in February 1968 with the integration of the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Army and the Royal Canadian Air Force under the Canadian Armed Forces.

Brown, Harrison, 1917-1986

  • SC018
  • Person
  • 1917-1986

Harrison Brown was a noted author, photographer, and traveller.

Brown, Dorothy E.

  • SC017
  • Person

Dr. Bruce L. Brown (1914- 2002) and Dorothy E. Cowderoy Brown collected artifacts, medieval fragments, documents, books, modern literary and political manuscripts, autographs, maps, and medals. They collected widely, purchasing many of the objects from dealers in London, England and Victoria, British Columbia.

Bruce Lloyd Brown was born on September 4, 1914. He attended the Victoria Normal School (1929) and Victoria College (1932). During WWII, Brown served as an officer with the Royal Canadian Navy Volunteer Reserve. Following WWII he worked for the Provincial Government of British Columbia until taking early retirement in 1972. In acknowledgement of his extensive support, the University of Victoria granted him an Honorary Doctorate in Fine Arts in 1991. He also received an honorary Doctor of Military Studies from Royal Roads Military College in 1993. He was the grandson of Alexander Brown who owned the Alexander Brown Milling Company and co-founded, with William Christie, the Canadian cookie and cracker company Christie, Brown and Company (which later became the Mr. Christie brand).

Bruce and Dorothy Cowderoy married in 1942 and had two children: Anthony W. Brown and Elizabeth Cole-Hamilton.

The Browns were active with a number of cultural associations in Victoria, British Columbia, and donated their collection to the University of Victoria, Maritime Museum of British Columbia, and Royal Roads University.

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