Fonds AR342 - Barbara Ann Roberts fonds

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Barbara Ann Roberts fonds

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  • 1974-1999 (Creation)
    Roberts, Barbara Ann, 1941-1998

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1.2 m of textual records, 103 photographs, 25 audiocassettes

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Biographical history

Barbara Ann Roberts (1941-1998) was born in Riverside, California, on September 22, 1941, the daughter of Paul Roberts, a physician, and Charlotte (Bowman) Roberts, a Canadian who met her husband when he was studying medicine at McGill University. Roberts married at seventeen, had various jobs in California and in 1970, immigrated with her two sons, Michael and David Hoffman, to Canada.

She studied at Simon Fraser University, receiving her B.A. in 1972 and her M.A. in history in 1976. From 1974 to 1977, she was an instructor in history at Cariboo College, Kamloops. In 1980, she received her PhD in history from the University of Ottawa. Her thesis, "Purely administrative proceedings: a study of the management of deportation 1900-35", was published as Whence they Came: deportation from Canada, 1900 -1935, University of Ottawa Press, 1988. In addition to her academic work, during these years she worked as a researcher and writer for the Museum of Man, wrote brochures for the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs and researched, wrote, and co-directed film strips on immigration for the National Film Board of Canada.

From 1980-1982, Roberts and her husband David Millar, whom she had married in 1980, shared an appointment in Ethnic Studies (Secretary of State Visiting Professorship) in the Department of History, University of Winnipeg. In 1982-1983, she taught Women's Studies at the University of Winnipeg and with Inter-Universities North, Department of History, University of Manitoba. In 1983, she, with her husband, was a Sessional Lecturer, Winnipeg Education Centre, Department of History, University of Manitoba. In 1983-84, she taught in the Department of Educational Foundations, College of Education, University of Saskatchewan.

For the following three years, she did not hold a full time academic appointment and was very involved with work in the peace and women's movements. In July 1985, she was "one of the
co-ordinators of the Peace Tent at the NGO Forum in Nairobi, Kenya, which marked the end of the U.N. Decade for Women; the Peace Tent, organized by the international NGO Women’s International for Peace and Food, in conjunction with the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, provided nine days of presentations, discussions, and opportunities for women to speak out and make connections of those of like mind." She had moved to Halifax before going to Nairobi, and in August of 1985, she, with others who had been involved with the Peace Tent, formed a group in Halifax and "obtained a Secretary of State Women's Program grant and produced a slide and audiotape show about the Nairobi forum, the Decade, and their relation to women's issues in Canada, which we showed to women's groups in the province." With others, she participated in international peace networks, developed the idea of an international peace university, Ovum Pacis, and created an internal Quaker group, "Friendly Nuisances". In 1986, the Halifax group obtained a grant "to educate women's groups across the province about how they could use the Canadian government's adoption of international agreements on women's equality to get action on their issues." [quotations are from a letter from Roberts to the Acting Dean of Arts, University of New Brunswick, 27 March 1994, box 1.4] As co-ordinator and outreach worker on this project, she "developed the leaflet 'Promises to Keep'".

In 1986, Roberts was a Summer Lecturer in the Department of Education, Dalhousie University. From October to November, 1986, she was on a Visiting Lecture Tour, International Scholars Programme of the Finnish Academy, and the University Women Researchers groups of Jyvaskyla, Tampere, Turko, and Helsinki Universities.

In the fall of 1987, she received an appointment as Assistant Professor, Simone de Beauvoir Institute, Concordia University and taught Women‘s Studies there until December 1988. At the beginning of 1989, she was appointed Associate professor of Women's Studies at Athabasca University. Dr. Roberts taught at Athabasca University, becoming Professor of Women’s Studies, until her retirement in 1997 . While at Athabasca University she served as the president of her union, and as a grievance officer.

Roberts took early retirement from Athabasca University in late 1997 after being diagnosed with cancer. In June, 1998, she and her husband moved to Victoria where she died on June 22.

Roberts published numerous articles and five books: Whence they came: Deportation from Canada, 1900-1935, Ottawa, University of Ottawa Press, 1988; A decent living: women in the Winnipeg Garment Industry, Toronto, New Hogtown Press, 1991 (joint authorship); Little but lip service: assessing implementation of Canada's international obligations for women's equality, Canadian advisory council on the status of women, 1994 (joint authorship); Strategies for the year 2000: a Woman's Handbook, Fernwood Publishing Co., 1995; and A reconstructed world: a feminist biography of Gertrude Richardson., McGill-Queens University Press, 1996.

Her research interests were focussed on women's history, women and work, women immigrants and their particular difficulties, violence against women, the peace movement and women in the peace movement. She also gave talks on and published articles on distance education. In the mid 1980s, she began her research on Gertrude (Twilley) Richardson, a feminist and pacifist who emigrated from England to Northern Manitoba before the First World War. During the later l980s, she also researched Canadian women peace activists and carried out a number of oral history interviews, mainly in 1988. In the early 1990s, she carried out research on the Leicester Peace Society. Her final research project was for a projected book comparing Australian and Canadian women peace activists in the First World War.

Custodial history

Gift of David Millar, 2000 and Elaine Bishop, 2023.

Scope and content

Fonds consists of sixteen series: university employment; 1977-1996; university teaching, 1974-1988; grant applications, 1980-1995; publications, 1975-1997; conference papers, 1978-1991; presentations, 1980-1997; unpublished papers, 1975-1995; Gertrude Richardson research, 1985-1996; Leicester Peace Society research, 1992-1993; women's movement, 1983-1996; peace movement, 1986-1997; miscellaneous correspondence, 1979-1998; family correspondence, 1987-1997; illness and death, 1998; photographs, 1986-1993, and Canadian women peace activists oral history interviews, 1987-1989.

The university employment series includes curricula vitae, job applications, and self evaluation files which document Roberts employment history and her publications and committee work, etc. The university teaching series includes course outlines, take home exams, and student handouts which shed light on her approach to teaching. The grant applications and publications series together provide an overview of the range and direction of Roberts' research interests. While most of the series are based on record type, the Gertrude Richardson research and Leicester Peace Society Research series are arranged by subject and contain correspondence and grant applications; the Gertrude Richardson Research series also contains conference papers. The Women's movement and Peace movement series both contain correspondence, although some correspondence pertaining to them will be found in the miscellaneous and family correspondence series. While the miscellaneous and family correspondence series consist almost entirely of inward correspondence, both contain a few printouts of e-mail correspondence or letters from Roberts which shed light on her daily life and research projects. The Canadian Women Peace Activists series contains interviews about and with Canadian women who were peace activists before 1960.

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  • English

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