Collection SC131 - Richard Roskell Bayne collection

Open original Objet numérique

Zone du titre et de la mention de responsabilité

Titre propre

Richard Roskell Bayne collection

Dénomination générale des documents

Titre parallèle

Compléments du titre

Mentions de responsabilité du titre

Notes du titre

Niveau de description

Collection

Cote

CA UVICARCH SC131

Mention d'édition

Mentions de responsabilité relatives à l'édition

Zone des précisions relatives à la catégorie de documents

Mention d'échelle (cartographique)

Mention de projection (cartographique)

Mention des coordonnées (cartographiques)

Mention d'échelle (architecturale)

Juridiction responsable et dénomination (philatélique)

Zone des dates de production

Date(s)

  • 1864 - 1884, 1994-2007 (Production)
    Producteur
    Bayne, Richard Roskell, 1827-1901

Zone de description matérielle

Description matérielle

728 sketches, 8 diaries, 162 photographs, 23 CDs, 346 slides, 2 floppy disks, 27 architectural plans

Titre propre de la collection

Titres parallèles de la collection

Compléments du titre de la collection

Mention de responsabilité relative à la collection

Numérotation à l'intérieur de la collection

Note sur la collection

Zone de la description archivistique

Nom du producteur

(1827-1901)

Notice biographique

Richard Roskell Bayne was born in Stoneleigh, Warwickshire on 7 July 1837 to Richard Bayne (1801-1878) and Ann Turnill (1803-1940), who had married 19 October 1834. Richard Roskell has an older sister Ann, a younger brother Robert Turnill, and younger sister Mary. His brother Robert (1837-1915) became a prominent stained glass artist with the firm Heaton, Butler, and Bayne. Richard received his first training in architecture from his father. In 1858, Bayne worked in the office of the architect Charles Barry while attending classes at University College, University of London. By 1859 he was studying at the South Kensington School of Design in London, and in 1860 was awarded the Queen's Prize by that institution. After completing a year of travel in Europe, Bayne returned to London where he worked in the office of architect Digby Wyatt. In 1864, he passed the Royal Institute of British Architects Voluntary Architectural Examination, and was also awarded the RIBA Soane Medal. This prize enabled Bayne to make an extensive sketching tour in Europe in 1864-1865. Bayne entered the service of the East India Railway Company on 20 March 1866 and moved to Calcutta. By the time he retired from the Company on 30 April 1890, he had earned the rank of district engineer. Bayne’s major projects in India were:

  • Sir Stuart Hogg Market (Kolkata, 1874)
  • Thornhill and Mayne Memorial Library (Allahabad, 1878)
  • Mayo Memorial Hall (Allahabad, 1879)
  • East India Railway Offices aka Fairlie Place (Kolkata, 1881)
  • Husainabad Clock Tower (Lucknow, 1881)

On 13 March 1866 Bayne married Eleanor Sparkes in Woolbridge, Suffolk. They had four children who survived into adulthood: Stanley Richard Sparkes (1866-1933), Percy Robert Clitherall (1870-19??), Talbot Harold Knights (1872-1951), and Digby Mason Septimus (1878-1967). They also had three children who died in infancy: Sybil (d. 1872), Douglas (d. 1873), and Lennox (d. 1875). Eleanor died 4 April 1882 at age 39 in Kurseong, India. Bayne later remarried to his sister-in-law, Daisy Sparkes, 30 years his junior. In 1890 she gave birth to a daughter. Several of Bayne’s children had immigrated to Canada and settled on Vancouver Island. After his retirement Bayne and his family moved to Victoria, British Columbia, where he opened an architectural office in May 1891. In 1898 he entered the Asylum for the Insane in New Westminster. He died there of a seizure on 4 December 1901 at age 73, and is buried in the Ross Bay Cemetery in Victoria.

For more information see the paper “Building for the Raj: Richard Roskell Bayne” by Anthony Welch, Martin Segger, and Nicholas DeCaro in Canadian Art Review 34.2 (2009).

Historique de la conservation

Portée et contenu

The collection consists of 735 items, the majority of which are drawings and watercolours produced by Bayne on a European sketching tour in 1864-65 made possible by the Soane Medal award in 1864. Bayne spent four months in France (August-December 1864), sketching Romanesque and Gothic churches at Amiens, Soissons, Noyon, Angers, Toulouse, and along the Loire. Bayne travelled to Spain where he spent three months (Jan. - March 1865) documenting sites in the Pyrenees he believed would soon be lost to warfare and neglect, recording stained glass windows and other architectural details of Gothic and Romanesque structures, and visiting sites with important Moorish architecture. Bayne's Spanish work is the most comprehensive of the collection. He also made careful notations on his drawings and sketches with a complete numbering system, identification of the city, structure and facade, and the date of the work. From Spain, Bayne travelled to Naples where he spent about a week in Sicily. He went on to Greece and Turkey for a month (April - early May 1864), apparently going from Athens to Salonica and south to Constantinople. Many of the drawings are missing from this series, but show his interest in Byzantine churches and Islamic architecture in Greece and Turkey. He returned to Naples for a four month tour of Italy (May - August 1864). The collection includes a few drawings from Pompeii, panoramic views of Rome, architectural drawings of Renaissance and Medieval structures from Rome, Venice, Milan, Florence, Pisa, and Assisi, and sketches of architectural details such as stained glass in Assisi and the Baptistery doors in Florence. In September, 1864, Bayne was in Germany, but only a few of these drawings remain. The information about them is limited as they are dated or numbered, but the sites are not recorded on most. After Bayne accepted a position with the East India Railway Company in 1866, he moved to Calcutta, India. Part of the collection includes sketches he made on tours in India, and illustrates Muslim and Hindu structures in Benares, Delhi, Allahabad, Madras, Ahmadabad, Bombay, Brindabun, Chitor, Moorabad, and Calcutta. At least four structures in India are attributed to Bayne: the East India Railway offices (1881-84), the Huseinabad Clock Tower at Lucknow (1881-85), the Mayo Memorial Hall at Allahabad (1879), and the Thornhill and Mayne Memorial Library at Allahabad (1878). The presentation drawing for the latter structure is included in the collection as a donation from the Port Alberni Historical Society. The other items in the collection include a photograph of Bayne, several covers of his original European notebooks, and two certificates, one of which commemorates his achievement in passing the Voluntary Architectural Examination in 1864 with distinction, and the second certifying his election as an Associate of the Royal Institute of British Architects.

Zone des notes

État de conservation

Source immédiate d'acquisition

Classement

Langue des documents

Écriture des documents

Localisation des originaux

Disponibilité d'autres formats

Restrictions d'accès

Délais d'utilisation, de reproduction et de publication

Instruments de recherche

Inventory available.

Éléments associés

Éléments associés

Accroissements

1995-005, 2007-050, 2009-015, 2015-039, 2017-072

Identifiant(s) alternatif(s)

Numéro normalisé

Mots-clés

Mots-clés - Lieux

Mots-clés - Noms

Mots-clés - Genre

Zone du contrôle

Identifiant de la description du document

richard-roskell-bayne-collection

Identifiant du service d'archives

Règles ou conventions

Statut

Niveau de détail

Dates de production, de révision et de suppression

Revised by JF, August 7, 2013.

Langue de la description

  • anglais

Langage d'écriture de la description

Sources

Objet numérique (Matrice) zone des droits

Objet numérique (Référence) zone des droits

Objet numérique (Imagette) zone des droits

Zone des entrées